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Throwing Behind the Runner

Written By Lisa Iancin


Throwing Behind the Runner


With a runner on base, we are always taught to be quick enough with our throws to get the lead out. However there are times that instead of throwing in front of the runner, it is best to throw behind the runner to find the extra out.

A classic scenario of throwing behind the runner is a pick off from the catcher to the base that the runner is leading off from just after a pitch. The idea is to make a quick throw to that base while their momentum is still leaving towards the next base. By the time the runner realizes she is being picked off, it is too late for her to stop her momentum, and regain momentum back in the direction she came from. Hence, throwing behind the runner can be effective since the speed of a quick throw can be much faster than the change in direction of the runner. As our articles are not just about defense, but Game-Speed-Defense, I would like readers to begin to understand the intricate elements of the game such as momentum. If you can predict moments in the game when the runner is about to make a directional shift in their momentum, then that is a good time to throw behind the runner. However catching them off balance means that you have to be quick. You have to understand where these opportunities are likely to occur so that you have the sense to find them before they actually happen. Once you are in that zone of thinking, it is hard to get out of it.

There are also opportunities to mimic a pick off during a routine ground ball play. For example, let’s look at a situation with a runner on first base. An infield ground ball is hit and the lead runner is safely advancing to second in which the defense chooses to throw the batted runner out at one. Once the defense throws the runner out at first, the second basemen receiving the throw should pop her feet towards second base to look for an opportunity to throw behind the runner advancing to second. It is not mandatory to make the second throw, however being in a position to make the next play is important in case the runner decides to overrun the base. If the runner begins to lean into the diamond as she is passing second base, BOOM, pick her off! By the time the runner is just a couple of steps beyond the base, the ball is in your short stop’s glove for the tag and it is all done in no time.

Keep in mind the personality and tendencies of the base runner as well. The more information you have on your opponent, the more you can predict what they will do. For example, is the base runner an aggressive type who likes to look for the extra base? Is she also a smart base runner? A smart base runner will predict a pick-off throw from behind and may be less likely to overrun a base. However you might catch an aggressive runner who isn’t smart, off guard . If that runner is only focused on gaining the extra base in frontal view, she might not expect a throw from behind her. Know your opponents!

Another great opportunity to throw behind the runner is by utilizing a fake throw. For example, let’s say you are the third basemen and you have a super aggressive runner at third base who you think you can trick. If a ground ball is hit to you at third base, you may opt to make a full on fake throw to first base to draw an aggressive, but not smart, runner off third base. At the end of your fake throw motion, quickly pivot towards third base and toss the ball to your short stop for a pick off play at third base. This play is especially good to use when the batted runner has exceptional speed and may have hit the ball soft enough to be safe at first. This way you are using your throws wisely and towards the base that you have a better chance to make an out. Remember, every offensive threat opens up another defensive opportunity. You just have to know where those holes in a team’s offense are, and think of them before the pitcher gets into her motion. Think of them before they happen.

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A Message for Benchwarmers

Written By Stacie Mahoe

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A Message for Benchwarmers

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No matter how many, or how few, teammates you have, the reality is, only 9 can fit on the field at a time. For smaller teams, this may not leave too many players on the bench. For larger teams, it’s possible that half the team is left sitting on the bench.

Regardless of team size, as a non-starter, you are probably far more important than you realize. In fact, I believe that “the bench,” the non-starters, are the foundation of a team . They are the ” rock” or the “sand” starters stand upon. After all, a chain is only as strong as it’s weakest link and teams are only as strong as their weakest players.

You can have great talent on your team , but all it takes is one person’s negativity and doubt to weaken a team. On the flip side, a solid, positive bench that stays “in the game” serves as a strong foundation for starters to rely on for much needed support in the toughest of times!

If you’re not a regular starter, always remember, no matter what your skill or experience level, YOU bring something special to your team. There IS at least ONE thing you do better than anyone else on your team. Make it a point to contribute that each and every day. Imagine what would happen if each person on your team did this. How many different areas of the game would your team have strengths in?

Think about it for a minute. What do you do better than anyone else on your team? Figure out what that is and be the absolute best you can be at it for your team all season long!. Your team needs what you have to offer!

After each and every game, you should know that you did something to help your team whether you played every pitch or none at all. If you can’t think of anything you did to help then you didn’t do your job. You’ re important. You matter. You’re either affecting your team positively or negatively every day. There’s no in between. Make your impact a positive one.


One way to do is to PUSH yourself in practice.


1. Because you will improve your skills faster

2. Because you will increase your chance at earn ing some playing time

3. Because pushing hard in practice helps you get GAME READY just in case the starter in front of you gets sick, gets injured , has some kind of outside obligation to attend instead of coming to the game, or simply has a bad day

4. Because coaches love players that go hard in practice and HOW you practice leaves 1 of 3 impressions in your coaches mind:

a) you do things half heartedly because you don’t play much and the coaches are left with a negative impression of how you practice making them less likely to choose you if a playing opportunity arises

b) you don’t slack but you don’t push yourself either so you don’t stand out in your coaches mind, again, you ‘ re not the first person that comes to mind if a playing opportunity arises

c) you work hard and push yourself daily, a very positive impression is branded into your coaches mind about H OW you practice which greatly increases the likelihood you ‘ll the a chance to play should the opportunity present itself

5. Because the more you push yourself, the harder the starter in front of you works which helps them raise their game to a higher level which, in turn, makes the team better!

Pushing yourself daily is just ONE way to help your team as a non-starter. The more you push, the better you get, the better your team gets, and the bigger the contribution you make to your team’s success!

But that’s not all you can do to help your team succeed . Here are 10 more ways you can help your team and make a positive impact from the bench …

– Show up on time

– Set up, carry, or put away equipment

– Help set up practice or pre-game stations

– Help keep the dugout organized and clean so everyone can get in and out quickly and safely

– Study your opponent- Retrieve foul balls during a game

– Communicate game situation reminders to those on the field

– Hustle

– Keep the team atmosphere positive by constantly encouraging and uplifting your teammates

– Hold yourself accountable to perform the best you can each day

I’m sure you can think of a few more after reading that list. Think about it, then choose 2-3 areas you can focus on and start making a positive, memorable difference on your team .

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Win The Mental Game Vs. The Hitter

Written By Bryan Ingalls

Win the Mental Game vs. the Hitter


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Some coaches prefer to call a game for the Catcher and some Coaches let their Catcher call the game. There is no right or wrong way, it all depends on personnel, intelligence and talent levels. As a Coach to the game, I have always believed that the Catcher has the best view to call it. My approach and goal has always been to educate the Pitcher and the Catcher enough so that they have the ability to think in a way to confuse, find a hole, and beat the hitter. There are many unwritten rules and old school ways and patterns that have been passed down over the years. The thought process is very important but the simplicity of this aspect of the game has been overlooked.

Reading a hitter, I believe is the upmost important skill that should be learned in the sport of Softball and Baseball! Why you ask? If you can read a hitters swing you can learn how to pitch to them, get a read on where they might hit, what they need to work on , what their strengths are. Reading a swing will help your plan of attack in the circle, it will help your ability to improve as a hitter and it will help your ability to properly position yourself in the field. This topic can be spread out over a course of about 100 articles. A book can be written about different things to watch for, to listen to, and how to use these things to your benefit in every aspect of the game. But as I have always done is try to use the complicated thought process from the catching and coaching perspective and simplify it so that over thinking does not affect you in a negative manner.

Rule #1 that I always go by: Always trust your gut! Do not over think, hesitation is a speed bump in the communication process with the pitcher and also gives a little confidence booster to the hitter. There is never one perfect pitch for a certain situation. It is much better to throw the wrong pitch with 100% conviction than the right pitch while second guessing or with hesitation. It is the Catcher’s and ultimately the Pitcher’s job to make sure that happens.

Be observant! Pay attention to the players practice swings. Every hitter has a hole in their swing. And by hole I do not mean a swing and miss, but I mean there are always certain pitches and locations that a hitter struggles with, just some are better than the other. But physical ability is not even half the battle when trying to get a hitter out. It’s a mental battle first and foremost. Whatever state of mind the batter is in mentally will directly affect what they do physically, so when I say be observant, take everything in. Look at their eyes, their breathing, their hands, how hard they are gripping the bat, where their feet are in the box, and what their swing looks like if they take a practice swing. Any tell or tip you can gain is information you can use in either this at bat or the next one. But also you do have to take into consideration what situation the game is in and whether there are runners on base. Depending on that situation your fielders will be positioned for that. Getting a batter out does not mean striking them out necessarily.

Do not create pitch patterns. Have the ability to throw all of your pitches in any count! Some hitters just see and react and others think and guess what pitch is coming. When a hitter can narrow it down to what you may call or what you may pitch it makes it easier for them to succeed. If a hitter has to be prepared for everything that you have the more they are thinking about which ultimately gives you the edge of the mental battle. Do your best to not turn a Pitcher vs. Hitter battle into strictly a Physical battle. There is nothing wrong with throwing balls, they can be very strategic. There is also nothing wrong with throwing a ball very short or very high to the screen. From a hitter’s perspective if a pitcher is constantly around the strike zone and in a groove hitting al the spots the batter has a sense of comfort in the box knowing that A they will not get hit and B. you are going to be around the plate. That sense of controlled wildness goes a long way in winning the mental battle with the hitter. That strategy is great for a control pitcher or for when you are in a groove and spotting the ball wherever you want to. It is also a great idea to have a shake off sign. As I said before, many hitters try and guess what pitch will be thrown and generally those assumptions come based on the pitch count and situation so a shake off by a pitcher will make the hitter second guess the pitch. Never let the hitter feel comfortable. That is all a mental game.

Remember to be smart but most importantly keep it simple as well. You do not necessarily have to “waste” a pitch if you are way ahead in the count, or “groove” a pitch if you are behind. Every pitch has a purpose and there is information to be gathered with every action a hitter makes. If the hitter is successful that at bat, use that information for the next one because remember this game is a war and each pitch is an individual battle, it must be thought of like that! 100% focus for 100% of the game and success will come your way when you are battling the hitter as a battery.

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The Best Of The Fastpitch Softball Magazine Issues 1 – 10: Book 1

Available on Amazon!

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Best Of Fastpitch Softball Magazine book1

My new book “The Best Of The Fastpitch Softball Magazine Issues 1-10” is now available on Amazon at http://fastpitch.tv/fastpitch-magazine-book-1

This book is a complete compilation of the articles from issues 1-10 of the Fastpitch Magazine.

In this book you will find my favorite in depth articles, coaching advice, training, videos, and much more all devoted to fastpitch softball.

You will find featured articles from Stacey Mahoe, Charity Butler, Lisa Iancin, Jennie Ritter, Natasha Watley, Rob Crews, Cat Osterman, Mitch Alexander, Dalton Ruer, and Aaron Weintraub.

This book is packed with 310 pages of softball content you won’t find anywhere else!

You can get this great book for the low price of $2.99.

If you know anyone who would be interested in reading this book please share it with them and if you enjoyed it please rate and leave a review of it.

Here is the link http://fastpitch.tv/fastpitch-magazine-book-1

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T.E.A.M. First

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Together Everyone Accomplishes More

To achieve potential, the team must be greater than the sum of its parts.

Ubuntu: I am what I am because of who we all are.

Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence win championships.
-Michael Jordan, Basketball Hall of Famer

Teamwork is the beauty of sports. You become selfless.
-Mike Krzyzewski, Basketball Coach

The strength of the team is each individual member. The strength of each member is the team.
-Phil Jackson, Basketball Coach

For an individual to fully tap into her personal power, she needs support from others. It is the way humans operate. Positive energy is more than just an idea. Proving the mechanisms for this to academic standards is difficult, but the proof is in the effects. What works? Teams (sports, business, familial, or any teams) full of mutual respect for one another and teams with a culture of excellence, enthusiasm, and forgiveness work. Teams with great chemistry work.

Leaders in every industry want to put their finger on how to build chemistry. The answer is analogous to pursuing a peak performance in that there is nothing that can guarantee it will happen, but it is appropriate to pursue anyway. By following certain principles, chances are maximized. This starts with a shared goal; team members have to care about the welfare of the team as a whole. If winning is not a universal priority, problems arise.

This book promotes the philosophy that “doing your best,” in and of itself defines success. It is important to notice that being successful maximizes the chances at winning. Leaders do their best to get better, faster, to promote winning. They also want to see their teammates get better, faster, to promote winning. They do not carry any resentment for the progress of teammates. They pursue, support, and celebrate learning. They also want to be healthy, stay out of trouble off the diamond, be in good standing in the classroom, and be part of a team that others would want to join. They want these things in large part because they promote winning.

Leaders not only have a vision of the goal of winning, they also have specific ideas about how to achieve this goal. They do not know the future, so specifics will vary, but they know that industriousness, positive energy, teamwork, and consistency are fundamental building blocks of success. They are like a rock; they do not get blown over by the shifting winds of circumstance. Their core beliefs about what is right are constant.

The next step for a leader to build chemistry is connecting with teammates. Teammates do not have to all like each other. Respect, however, is a requirement. Respect requires acknowledging the other person’s value; leaders make each team member feel important. Every member has an important role in making the team better, and their success is something the leader needs to help her reach her softball goals. For example, the last players on the bench are needed both to make teammates better and to be ready to perform when they get an opportunity.

Leaders communicate their appreciation of other people’s value in many subtle ways every day. They smile, celebrate successes, and share struggles. They will not be betrayed in a moment of weakness, which is important since respect can be lost in a hurry, because their appreciation for teammates is sincere.

Many people lose respect for another when they disagree with her. This is avoided by remembering that either party could be wrong or partially wrong and if it does happen to be the other person, by forgiveness. “Let he who is without sin cast the first stone,” leaders recall. They realize that the past had to happen exactly as it did. Had they experienced the same things in life as another person, they are just as likely to be behind where that person is in life and softball as ahead of it. However, the future is unwritten, so they hope and work for perfection in others (without expecting it), just as they do for themselves.

When respect is present, the critical pursuit of empathy naturally follows. Empathy is the ability to understand and be sensitive to the thoughts, attitudes, feelings, desires, and actions of another person. It is a skill like any other: some people are naturally better at it than others, but all people improve their skill with quality practice. Babies are incapable of empathy. They are only able to think about what they want, not the motivations of others. People with Attention Deficit Disorder have a disadvantage for learning empathy. It is very difficult for them to think about both what they want and another person’s point of view at the same time. Empathy is a challenging skill for everyone. It is impossible to see the world exactly as another sees it because everyone brings a unique set of experiences and DNA with them to the present moment. But leaders get closer.

The simplest way to practice empathy is to listen. Listening and hearing are different. Listening requires attention to what is being said rather than waiting to speak. Leaders care about the welfare of others and they also have the confidence necessary to let their current thoughts about what they want go. They know that if these released desires are important enough, they will have no trouble retrieving them from memory later. This allows them to focus on the task at hand: listening. Just as a hitter sees the ball big by being undistracted from the task at hand, effective listeners have a singular focus- figuring out what the speaker is trying to communicate.

Another component for developing empathy is curiosity. Being empathic is relatively easy when two people’s motivations are similar. It is when there is disagreement that curiosity becomes critical. Rather than judging others, leaders attempt to figure out why someone would hold a different opinion or point of view. Curiosity leads to questions and questions lead to answers. Leaders connect because they are focused listeners and because they ask the right questions to figure out what the speaker is attempting or needs to communicate. Doing (or saying) nothing is easier than doing something. Superb leaders are rare because they not interested in what is easier, just what is better.

But how can a leader respect a teammate who does something contrary to her core values? Perhaps the leader values hard work and the offensive behavior is to not run out a pop-up, despite knowing that there is a chance the defense will make a mistake? The assumption is that the batter does not care about the team. She is too selfish to hustle. Curiosity leads to a different conclusion: the lack of hustle likely comes from the precise opposite of not caring enough. It is caring too much. The pop-up disgusted the hitter so much that she had an emotional reaction that led her to forget to do her current job of sprinting to second base. Is this selfish behavior? Yes. Is it laziness? Not at its source. Armed with empathy, the leader is able to connect with this teammate, maximizing her chances of helping.

Often, mistakes are clear, but their sources are complex and hidden, even to the offending party. In his classic book, The Mental ABC’s of Pitching, Harvey Dorfman tells the story of a young professional pitcher who came into a minor league championship playoff game in the ninth inning of a tie game with a runner on second base and two outs. The first two pitches were strikes, but the next two were wild pitches that allowed the winning run to score. Afterwards, Harvey asked him what happened. The college graduate did not want to make excuses for himself, but he finally revealed that his college coach had a rule against giving up hits on 0-2 and 1-2 counts. The rule was this: allowing a hit means the pitcher will run “until he dropped.” Dorfman: “Psychology 1 01 : stimulus-response; conditioned reflex.” All the pitcher thought about in those counts was, “Don ‘t throw it anywhere close to the strike zone.”

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Youth Windmill Pitching Strategies

Written By Mitch Alexander


Youth Windmill Pitching Strategies

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I’m not a pitching expert, but I am a manager, coach, and parent of a youth windmill pitcher. I’ve met many pitching experts, had talks with them and researched the topic on my own. I call pitches in games and have studied tactics other managers use against my team. I have adapted my strategies over time by watching what others do and also learning what works and what doesn’t work in real game situations.

It all starts with your pitchers and what skills they have developed through lessons and practices. The best youth pitchers either practice pitching or pitch in games a minimum of three to five days a week. Youth pitchers get faster and more accurate through repetition, but this needs to be carefully balanced with making sure the young pitcher does not injure their arm. Injuries can occur through repetitive strain, incorrect mechanics, or accidents . It is both the parent’s and coach’s responsibility to minimize the risk of these injuries.

There are growth plates in the bones of all children and they are especially problematic in youth athletes up until 13 to 16 years old. These plates are open areas of the bone that allow the bones to grow. They can be painful when injured and many youth pitchers experience pain associated with growth plates. There are other common pitching injuries, most involving the shoulders, elbows, and tendons that connect muscle to bone. All youth pitchers should ice their shoulders for 20 minutes following practice or games. Older pitchers may also need to ice their elbows as well.

OK, so we need to protect these young arms and shoulders from injuries, but what does that have to do with pitching strategy? Actually a lot. I had the opportunity to have some in depth conversations with Doug Finch (Jennie’s father and pitching coach) and he is adamant about making sure that the pitches youth pitchers are taught must be appropriate for their age and state of their physical bodies. For example, fastballs and peel changeups are safe pitches for young arms. Flip changeups, screwballs, and curveballs are not. Young pitchers should concentrate on fastballs and peels and pitch location until their growth plates start to close up and their tendons become stronger. The further the elbow is away from the side of the body the worse the pitch is for youth pitchers. For more information, have a look at the biomechanical studies included on the “Pitching Perfect by Jennie Finch” DVD available on her website (http://store.jenniefinch.com/)

Doug performed some video analysis on my daughter’s pitching motion and recommended many corrections to reduce the risk of injury. My daughter had experienced several periods of tendonitis in her upper arm and shoulder because of her pitching mechanics. Doug educated me in some of the issues and taught me the importance of good mechanics. Through this understanding I located a local pitching instructor who also values safe pitching mechanics and my daughter has not had any injuries related to her pitching mechanics since.

With the understanding that young pitchers should not learn, practice, and throw certain pitches the youth coach is somewhat limited in the strategy they can employ to help give their pitchers the best chance of beating their opponents. At younger ages, it comes down to speed, rhythm, and location. All attributes young pitchers should be able to control. Later on as the batters get better and the pitcher’s arms get stronger spin and junk pitches play a bigger part of the game. As a coach who calls pitches, the very first thing I look at is the batter’s check swing. I evaluate if the batter has a short, compact stroke telling me they may have had professional lessons or it they are using a baseball swing. If they have the former, I am more concerned about what to call. If they use a baseball swing, I will usually go for inside pitches as the batter casts their arms out making it more difficult for them to hit inside. If the check swing is high, I will look to call low pitches. If the check swing is low, I will look to call high pitches. If the check swing swoops up, I will call high pitches like a rise or high inside.

The next thing I look for is the batter’s position in the box. If they are way up in the box, the other coach may have figured out my pitcher is throwing breaking balls like rise or drops, or of course they are going to bunt. My pitchers know to typically throw a rise ball in the case of a bunt which helps to cause the ball to be popped up and hopefully caught by the catcher. If they are standing up in the box without bunting, I usually call a high fastball. If the batter is close to the plate, I will call for an inside pitch to jam them up. If they are far away from the plate, I will call for a pitch on the outside comer of the plate. If the batter is back in the box, I call for a drop or rise ball to have the ball break just before it gets to the plate.

At the youth level, almost all inside pitches should be high and all outside pitches low. High inside pitches tend to back the batter off the plate and then can be followed up with an outside pitch. If the batters stand far away from the plate and then moves closer on an outside pitch, the next pitch should be inside. I always try to have my pitchers move the ball around. Vary the location, speed, and rhythm for best results. The best pitchers understand they need to continually vary all three of these for maximum effect. You want to keep the batter off balance so they don’t know what to expect next: high and inside, low and outside, breaking just as they swing, or speed change. A great reference on how to pitch to specific batters can be found at Virginia pitching coach, Rita Lynn Gilman’s web site:

(http://www.softballpitchingtools.com/s pecific_batters.htm).

We just discussed location. Speed comes in three flavors in youth softball: fast, off-speed, and change-up. Off-speed is a slower fastball and can be used to upset a batter’s rhythm. The change-up can be either over-used or under-used but is hardly used correctly in youth softball. For change-ups, I hardly ever use them on weaker batters. These batters are best handled with faster pitches. If you slow the ball down, you are just taking away your advantage. The change-up is a great tool against power hitters. It’s great to catch a fast hitter way in front of the ball and have them fall all over themselves trying to regain their balance. However, the change-up is much more than a pitch in the toolbox. Throwing the change-up is a tactic that puts power hitters off their game. If you call for the change-up often enough, the power hitters soon realize that they would rather take some power off their bat than strikeout. This reduces the power hitter to an average hitter that most defenses can deal with. Using a change-up this way, you not only have a great tool to get that third strike on a batter, but you also have a technique to reduce a batter’s power! You need to make sure the batter knows you can call for a change-up at any time, including first pitch, two or three in a row, etc.

Rhythm describes the pitcher’s routine. Normally, pitchers receive the ball back from the catcher, go to the back of the pitcher’s circle, turn around, make sure their hands are separated, step on the rubber, and then wait the same amount of time before beginning the pitching motion once the home plate ump indicates the pitcher should start. Pitchers need to change this up. Instead of walking to the back of the circle every time, every three or four times, go right to the rubber. Instead of waiting three or four seconds after the umpire gives the signal, pitch immediately. The pitcher should vary her rhythm to keep the batter off balance. I always try to get a first pitch strike. Change-ups should be called sparingly with runners on base. Statistically, outside pitches result in more strikes than inside pitches. Talk to your pitcher and the person warming the pitcher up. Ask them what pitches were working best. Even if your pitcher normally has a killer rise ball, if it isn’t working today, don’t call for it! Also, give your pitcher the ability to wave off any pitch she isn’t comfortable throwing. I’d rather have my pitcher throw a drop ball that she’s comfortable with than throwing a screwball that isn’t working.

Making sure that your pitchers throw age appropriate safe pitches, and using the techniques I described to move the ball around, vary the speed and rhythm, and to select pitches that exploit the batter’s weaknesses, your pitchers should have successful, healthy seasons of enjoying fastpitch softball.

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